The sources of commercial criminal law can be found both in the Criminal Code and in special laws such as bankruptcy law. An important goal is to protect private entrepreneurial initiative, which is enshrined in the Constitution and the economy in general. The prosperity of the state and the population also depends on the effectiveness or enforcement power of economic criminal law, since the so-called "economic crime". White-collar crime can have an extremely lasting and widespread impact on private entrepreneurial initiative and thus on competition and the free market. In addition to the offences in company law, competition law and patent and trademark protection law, particular attention should be paid to offences in environmental and waste management law and in construction law, which, although they must also be followed by private individuals, primarily affect entrepreneurs.
Special attention should also be paid to the so-called criminal law of entrepreneurial entities under Law No 231 of 2001. Criminal offences committed by individuals in the course of their business activities also affect the body represented by the offender through administrative sanctions.
Topics of economic criminal law in South Tyrol:
- Corporate offences
- Unfair competition
- Intellectual property infringements
- Environmental offences
- Offences in the construction sector
- Administrative responsibility of companies/partnerships